Class GenericReader

Synopsis

#include <include/rapidjson/reader.h>

template <typename SourceEncoding, typename TargetEncoding, typename StackAllocator = CrtAllocator>
class GenericReader

Description

SAX-style JSON parser. Use Reader for UTF8 encoding and default allocator.

GenericReader parses JSON text from a stream, and send events synchronously to an object implementing Handler concept.

It needs to allocate a stack for storing a single decoded string during non-destructive parsing.

For in-situ parsing, the decoded string is directly written to the source text string, no temporary buffer is required.

A GenericReader object can be reused for parsing multiple JSON text.

Template Parameters

SourceEncoding - Encoding of the input stream.

TargetEncoding - Encoding of the parse output.

StackAllocator - Allocator type for stack.

Mentioned in

Methods

GenericReaderConstructor.
GetErrorOffsetGet the position of last parsing error in input, 0 otherwise.
GetParseErrorCodeGet the ParseErrorCode of last parsing.
HasParseErrorWhether a parse error has occurred in the last parsing.
IterativeParseCompleteCheck if token-by-token parsing JSON text is complete.
IterativeParseInitInitialize JSON text token-by-token parsing.
IterativeParseNextParse one token from JSON text.
Parse overloadParse JSON text.
Parse overloadParse JSON text (with kParseDefaultFlags)
SetParseError

Source

Lines 538-2228 in include/rapidjson/reader.h.

template <typename SourceEncoding, typename TargetEncoding, typename StackAllocator = CrtAllocator>
class GenericReader {
public:
    typedef typename SourceEncoding::Ch Ch; //!< SourceEncoding character type

    //! Constructor.
    /*! \param stackAllocator Optional allocator for allocating stack memory. (Only use for non-destructive parsing)
        \param stackCapacity stack capacity in bytes for storing a single decoded string.  (Only use for non-destructive parsing)
    */
    GenericReader(StackAllocator* stackAllocator = 0, size_t stackCapacity = kDefaultStackCapacity) :
        stack_(stackAllocator, stackCapacity), parseResult_(), state_(IterativeParsingStartState) {}

    //! Parse JSON text.
    /*! \tparam parseFlags Combination of \ref ParseFlag.
        \tparam InputStream Type of input stream, implementing Stream concept.
        \tparam Handler Type of handler, implementing Handler concept.
        \param is Input stream to be parsed.
        \param handler The handler to receive events.
        \return Whether the parsing is successful.
    */
    template <unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    ParseResult Parse(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        if (parseFlags & kParseIterativeFlag)
            return IterativeParse<parseFlags>(is, handler);

        parseResult_.Clear();

        ClearStackOnExit scope(*this);

        SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(parseResult_);

        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(is.Peek() == '\0')) {
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorDocumentEmpty, is.Tell());
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(parseResult_);
        }
        else {
            ParseValue<parseFlags>(is, handler);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(parseResult_);

            if (!(parseFlags & kParseStopWhenDoneFlag)) {
                SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(parseResult_);

                if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(is.Peek() != '\0')) {
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorDocumentRootNotSingular, is.Tell());
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(parseResult_);
                }
            }
        }

        return parseResult_;
    }

    //! Parse JSON text (with \ref kParseDefaultFlags)
    /*! \tparam InputStream Type of input stream, implementing Stream concept
        \tparam Handler Type of handler, implementing Handler concept.
        \param is Input stream to be parsed.
        \param handler The handler to receive events.
        \return Whether the parsing is successful.
    */
    template <typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    ParseResult Parse(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        return Parse<kParseDefaultFlags>(is, handler);
    }

    //! Initialize JSON text token-by-token parsing
    /*!
     */
    void IterativeParseInit() {
        parseResult_.Clear();
        state_ = IterativeParsingStartState;
    }

    //! Parse one token from JSON text
    /*! \tparam InputStream Type of input stream, implementing Stream concept
        \tparam Handler Type of handler, implementing Handler concept.
        \param is Input stream to be parsed.
        \param handler The handler to receive events.
        \return Whether the parsing is successful.
     */
    template <unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    bool IterativeParseNext(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(is.Peek() != '\0')) {
            SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);

            Token t = Tokenize(is.Peek());
            IterativeParsingState n = Predict(state_, t);
            IterativeParsingState d = Transit<parseFlags>(state_, t, n, is, handler);

            // If we've finished or hit an error...
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(IsIterativeParsingCompleteState(d))) {
                // Report errors.
                if (d == IterativeParsingErrorState) {
                    HandleError(state_, is);
                    return false;
                }

                // Transition to the finish state.
                RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(d == IterativeParsingFinishState);
                state_ = d;

                // If StopWhenDone is not set...
                if (!(parseFlags & kParseStopWhenDoneFlag)) {
                    // ... and extra non-whitespace data is found...
                    SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
                    if (is.Peek() != '\0') {
                        // ... this is considered an error.
                        HandleError(state_, is);
                        return false;
                    }
                }

                // Success! We are done!
                return true;
            }

            // Transition to the new state.
            state_ = d;

            // If we parsed anything other than a delimiter, we invoked the handler, so we can return true now.
            if (!IsIterativeParsingDelimiterState(n))
                return true;
        }

        // We reached the end of file.
        stack_.Clear();

        if (state_ != IterativeParsingFinishState) {
            HandleError(state_, is);
            return false;
        }

        return true;
    }

    //! Check if token-by-token parsing JSON text is complete
    /*! \return Whether the JSON has been fully decoded.
     */
    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE bool IterativeParseComplete() const {
        return IsIterativeParsingCompleteState(state_);
    }

    //! Whether a parse error has occurred in the last parsing.
    bool HasParseError() const { return parseResult_.IsError(); }

    //! Get the \ref ParseErrorCode of last parsing.
    ParseErrorCode GetParseErrorCode() const { return parseResult_.Code(); }

    //! Get the position of last parsing error in input, 0 otherwise.
    size_t GetErrorOffset() const { return parseResult_.Offset(); }

protected:
    void SetParseError(ParseErrorCode code, size_t offset) { parseResult_.Set(code, offset); }

private:
    // Prohibit copy constructor & assignment operator.
    GenericReader(const GenericReader&);
    GenericReader& operator=(const GenericReader&);

    void ClearStack() { stack_.Clear(); }

    // clear stack on any exit from ParseStream, e.g. due to exception
    struct ClearStackOnExit {
        explicit ClearStackOnExit(GenericReader& r) : r_(r) {}
        ~ClearStackOnExit() { r_.ClearStack(); }
    private:
        GenericReader& r_;
        ClearStackOnExit(const ClearStackOnExit&);
        ClearStackOnExit& operator=(const ClearStackOnExit&);
    };

    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream>
    void SkipWhitespaceAndComments(InputStream& is) {
        SkipWhitespace(is);

        if (parseFlags & kParseCommentsFlag) {
            while (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(Consume(is, '/'))) {
                if (Consume(is, '*')) {
                    while (true) {
                        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(is.Peek() == '\0'))
                            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorUnspecificSyntaxError, is.Tell());
                        else if (Consume(is, '*')) {
                            if (Consume(is, '/'))
                                break;
                        }
                        else
                            is.Take();
                    }
                }
                else if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(Consume(is, '/')))
                    while (is.Peek() != '\0' && is.Take() != '\n') {}
                else
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorUnspecificSyntaxError, is.Tell());

                SkipWhitespace(is);
            }
        }
    }

    // Parse object: { string : value, ... }
    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseObject(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(is.Peek() == '{');
        is.Take();  // Skip '{'

        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.StartObject()))
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());

        SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

        if (Consume(is, '}')) {
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.EndObject(0)))  // empty object
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
            return;
        }

        for (SizeType memberCount = 0;;) {
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(is.Peek() != '"'))
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorObjectMissName, is.Tell());

            ParseString<parseFlags>(is, handler, true);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

            SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!Consume(is, ':')))
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorObjectMissColon, is.Tell());

            SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

            ParseValue<parseFlags>(is, handler);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

            SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

            ++memberCount;

            switch (is.Peek()) {
                case ',':
                    is.Take();
                    SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;
                    break;
                case '}':
                    is.Take();
                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.EndObject(memberCount)))
                        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
                    return;
                default:
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorObjectMissCommaOrCurlyBracket, is.Tell()); break; // This useless break is only for making warning and coverage happy
            }

            if (parseFlags & kParseTrailingCommasFlag) {
                if (is.Peek() == '}') {
                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.EndObject(memberCount)))
                        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
                    is.Take();
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    // Parse array: [ value, ... ]
    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseArray(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(is.Peek() == '[');
        is.Take();  // Skip '['

        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.StartArray()))
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());

        SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

        if (Consume(is, ']')) {
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.EndArray(0))) // empty array
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
            return;
        }

        for (SizeType elementCount = 0;;) {
            ParseValue<parseFlags>(is, handler);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

            ++elementCount;
            SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;

            if (Consume(is, ',')) {
                SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;
            }
            else if (Consume(is, ']')) {
                if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.EndArray(elementCount)))
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
                return;
            }
            else
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorArrayMissCommaOrSquareBracket, is.Tell());

            if (parseFlags & kParseTrailingCommasFlag) {
                if (is.Peek() == ']') {
                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.EndArray(elementCount)))
                        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
                    is.Take();
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseNull(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(is.Peek() == 'n');
        is.Take();

        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(Consume(is, 'u') && Consume(is, 'l') && Consume(is, 'l'))) {
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.Null()))
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
        }
        else
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorValueInvalid, is.Tell());
    }

    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseTrue(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(is.Peek() == 't');
        is.Take();

        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(Consume(is, 'r') && Consume(is, 'u') && Consume(is, 'e'))) {
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.Bool(true)))
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
        }
        else
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorValueInvalid, is.Tell());
    }

    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseFalse(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(is.Peek() == 'f');
        is.Take();

        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(Consume(is, 'a') && Consume(is, 'l') && Consume(is, 's') && Consume(is, 'e'))) {
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!handler.Bool(false)))
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
        }
        else
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorValueInvalid, is.Tell());
    }

    template<typename InputStream>
    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE static bool Consume(InputStream& is, typename InputStream::Ch expect) {
        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(is.Peek() == expect)) {
            is.Take();
            return true;
        }
        else
            return false;
    }

    // Helper function to parse four hexadecimal digits in \uXXXX in ParseString().
    template<typename InputStream>
    unsigned ParseHex4(InputStream& is, size_t escapeOffset) {
        unsigned codepoint = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
            Ch c = is.Peek();
            codepoint <<= 4;
            codepoint += static_cast<unsigned>(c);
            if (c >= '0' && c <= '9')
                codepoint -= '0';
            else if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'F')
                codepoint -= 'A' - 10;
            else if (c >= 'a' && c <= 'f')
                codepoint -= 'a' - 10;
            else {
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorStringUnicodeEscapeInvalidHex, escapeOffset);
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(0);
            }
            is.Take();
        }
        return codepoint;
    }

    template <typename CharType>
    class StackStream {
    public:
        typedef CharType Ch;

        StackStream(internal::Stack<StackAllocator>& stack) : stack_(stack), length_(0) {}
        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void Put(Ch c) {
            *stack_.template Push<Ch>() = c;
            ++length_;
        }

        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void* Push(SizeType count) {
            length_ += count;
            return stack_.template Push<Ch>(count);
        }

        size_t Length() const { return length_; }

        Ch* Pop() {
            return stack_.template Pop<Ch>(length_);
        }

    private:
        StackStream(const StackStream&);
        StackStream& operator=(const StackStream&);

        internal::Stack<StackAllocator>& stack_;
        SizeType length_;
    };

    // Parse string and generate String event. Different code paths for kParseInsituFlag.
    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseString(InputStream& is, Handler& handler, bool isKey = false) {
        internal::StreamLocalCopy<InputStream> copy(is);
        InputStream& s(copy.s);

        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(s.Peek() == '\"');
        s.Take();  // Skip '\"'

        bool success = false;
        if (parseFlags & kParseInsituFlag) {
            typename InputStream::Ch *head = s.PutBegin();
            ParseStringToStream<parseFlags, SourceEncoding, SourceEncoding>(s, s);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;
            size_t length = s.PutEnd(head) - 1;
            RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(length <= 0xFFFFFFFF);
            const typename TargetEncoding::Ch* const str = reinterpret_cast<typename TargetEncoding::Ch*>(head);
            success = (isKey ? handler.Key(str, SizeType(length), false) : handler.String(str, SizeType(length), false));
        }
        else {
            StackStream<typename TargetEncoding::Ch> stackStream(stack_);
            ParseStringToStream<parseFlags, SourceEncoding, TargetEncoding>(s, stackStream);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;
            SizeType length = static_cast<SizeType>(stackStream.Length()) - 1;
            const typename TargetEncoding::Ch* const str = stackStream.Pop();
            success = (isKey ? handler.Key(str, length, true) : handler.String(str, length, true));
        }
        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!success))
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, s.Tell());
    }

    // Parse string to an output is
    // This function handles the prefix/suffix double quotes, escaping, and optional encoding validation.
    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename SEncoding, typename TEncoding, typename InputStream, typename OutputStream>
    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void ParseStringToStream(InputStream& is, OutputStream& os) {
//!@cond RAPIDJSON_HIDDEN_FROM_DOXYGEN
#define Z16 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
        static const char escape[256] = {
            Z16, Z16, 0, 0,'\"', 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, '/',
            Z16, Z16, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,'\\', 0, 0, 0,
            0, 0,'\b', 0, 0, 0,'\f', 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,'\n', 0,
            0, 0,'\r', 0,'\t', 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
            Z16, Z16, Z16, Z16, Z16, Z16, Z16, Z16
        };
#undef Z16
//!@endcond

        for (;;) {
            // Scan and copy string before "\\\"" or < 0x20. This is an optional optimzation.
            if (!(parseFlags & kParseValidateEncodingFlag))
                ScanCopyUnescapedString(is, os);

            Ch c = is.Peek();
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(c == '\\')) {    // Escape
                size_t escapeOffset = is.Tell();    // For invalid escaping, report the initial '\\' as error offset
                is.Take();
                Ch e = is.Peek();
                if ((sizeof(Ch) == 1 || unsigned(e) < 256) && RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(escape[static_cast<unsigned char>(e)])) {
                    is.Take();
                    os.Put(static_cast<typename TEncoding::Ch>(escape[static_cast<unsigned char>(e)]));
                }
                else if ((parseFlags & kParseEscapedApostropheFlag) && RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(e == '\'')) { // Allow escaped apostrophe
                    is.Take();
                    os.Put('\'');
                }
                else if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(e == 'u')) {    // Unicode
                    is.Take();
                    unsigned codepoint = ParseHex4(is, escapeOffset);
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;
                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(codepoint >= 0xD800 && codepoint <= 0xDFFF)) {
                        // high surrogate, check if followed by valid low surrogate
                        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(codepoint <= 0xDBFF)) {
                            // Handle UTF-16 surrogate pair
                            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!Consume(is, '\\') || !Consume(is, 'u')))
                                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorStringUnicodeSurrogateInvalid, escapeOffset);
                            unsigned codepoint2 = ParseHex4(is, escapeOffset);
                            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN_VOID;
                            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(codepoint2 < 0xDC00 || codepoint2 > 0xDFFF))
                                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorStringUnicodeSurrogateInvalid, escapeOffset);
                            codepoint = (((codepoint - 0xD800) << 10) | (codepoint2 - 0xDC00)) + 0x10000;
                        }
                        // single low surrogate
                        else
                        {
                            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorStringUnicodeSurrogateInvalid, escapeOffset);
                        }
                    }
                    TEncoding::Encode(os, codepoint);
                }
                else
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorStringEscapeInvalid, escapeOffset);
            }
            else if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(c == '"')) {    // Closing double quote
                is.Take();
                os.Put('\0');   // null-terminate the string
                return;
            }
            else if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(static_cast<unsigned>(c) < 0x20)) { // RFC 4627: unescaped = %x20-21 / %x23-5B / %x5D-10FFFF
                if (c == '\0')
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorStringMissQuotationMark, is.Tell());
                else
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorStringInvalidEncoding, is.Tell());
            }
            else {
                size_t offset = is.Tell();
                if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY((parseFlags & kParseValidateEncodingFlag ?
                    !Transcoder<SEncoding, TEncoding>::Validate(is, os) :
                    !Transcoder<SEncoding, TEncoding>::Transcode(is, os))))
                    RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorStringInvalidEncoding, offset);
            }
        }
    }

    template<typename InputStream, typename OutputStream>
    static RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void ScanCopyUnescapedString(InputStream&, OutputStream&) {
            // Do nothing for generic version
    }

#if defined(RAPIDJSON_SSE2) || defined(RAPIDJSON_SSE42)
    // StringStream -> StackStream<char>
    static RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void ScanCopyUnescapedString(StringStream& is, StackStream<char>& os) {
        const char* p = is.src_;

        // Scan one by one until alignment (unaligned load may cross page boundary and cause crash)
        const char* nextAligned = reinterpret_cast<const char*>((reinterpret_cast<size_t>(p) + 15) & static_cast<size_t>(~15));
        while (p != nextAligned)
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\"') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\\') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(static_cast<unsigned>(*p) < 0x20)) {
                is.src_ = p;
                return;
            }
            else
                os.Put(*p++);

        // The rest of string using SIMD
        static const char dquote[16] = { '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"' };
        static const char bslash[16] = { '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\' };
        static const char space[16]  = { 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F };
        const __m128i dq = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&dquote[0]));
        const __m128i bs = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&bslash[0]));
        const __m128i sp = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&space[0]));

        for (;; p += 16) {
            const __m128i s = _mm_load_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(p));
            const __m128i t1 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(s, dq);
            const __m128i t2 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(s, bs);
            const __m128i t3 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(_mm_max_epu8(s, sp), sp); // s < 0x20 <=> max(s, 0x1F) == 0x1F
            const __m128i x = _mm_or_si128(_mm_or_si128(t1, t2), t3);
            unsigned short r = static_cast<unsigned short>(_mm_movemask_epi8(x));
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(r != 0)) {   // some of characters is escaped
                SizeType length;
    #ifdef _MSC_VER         // Find the index of first escaped
                unsigned long offset;
                _BitScanForward(&offset, r);
                length = offset;
    #else
                length = static_cast<SizeType>(__builtin_ffs(r) - 1);
    #endif
                if (length != 0) {
                    char* q = reinterpret_cast<char*>(os.Push(length));
                    for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++)
                        q[i] = p[i];

                    p += length;
                }
                break;
            }
            _mm_storeu_si128(reinterpret_cast<__m128i *>(os.Push(16)), s);
        }

        is.src_ = p;
    }

    // InsituStringStream -> InsituStringStream
    static RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void ScanCopyUnescapedString(InsituStringStream& is, InsituStringStream& os) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(&is == &os);
        (void)os;

        if (is.src_ == is.dst_) {
            SkipUnescapedString(is);
            return;
        }

        char* p = is.src_;
        char *q = is.dst_;

        // Scan one by one until alignment (unaligned load may cross page boundary and cause crash)
        const char* nextAligned = reinterpret_cast<const char*>((reinterpret_cast<size_t>(p) + 15) & static_cast<size_t>(~15));
        while (p != nextAligned)
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\"') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\\') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(static_cast<unsigned>(*p) < 0x20)) {
                is.src_ = p;
                is.dst_ = q;
                return;
            }
            else
                *q++ = *p++;

        // The rest of string using SIMD
        static const char dquote[16] = { '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"' };
        static const char bslash[16] = { '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\' };
        static const char space[16] = { 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F };
        const __m128i dq = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&dquote[0]));
        const __m128i bs = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&bslash[0]));
        const __m128i sp = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&space[0]));

        for (;; p += 16, q += 16) {
            const __m128i s = _mm_load_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(p));
            const __m128i t1 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(s, dq);
            const __m128i t2 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(s, bs);
            const __m128i t3 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(_mm_max_epu8(s, sp), sp); // s < 0x20 <=> max(s, 0x1F) == 0x1F
            const __m128i x = _mm_or_si128(_mm_or_si128(t1, t2), t3);
            unsigned short r = static_cast<unsigned short>(_mm_movemask_epi8(x));
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(r != 0)) {   // some of characters is escaped
                size_t length;
#ifdef _MSC_VER         // Find the index of first escaped
                unsigned long offset;
                _BitScanForward(&offset, r);
                length = offset;
#else
                length = static_cast<size_t>(__builtin_ffs(r) - 1);
#endif
                for (const char* pend = p + length; p != pend; )
                    *q++ = *p++;
                break;
            }
            _mm_storeu_si128(reinterpret_cast<__m128i *>(q), s);
        }

        is.src_ = p;
        is.dst_ = q;
    }

    // When read/write pointers are the same for insitu stream, just skip unescaped characters
    static RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void SkipUnescapedString(InsituStringStream& is) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(is.src_ == is.dst_);
        char* p = is.src_;

        // Scan one by one until alignment (unaligned load may cross page boundary and cause crash)
        const char* nextAligned = reinterpret_cast<const char*>((reinterpret_cast<size_t>(p) + 15) & static_cast<size_t>(~15));
        for (; p != nextAligned; p++)
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\"') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\\') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(static_cast<unsigned>(*p) < 0x20)) {
                is.src_ = is.dst_ = p;
                return;
            }

        // The rest of string using SIMD
        static const char dquote[16] = { '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"', '\"' };
        static const char bslash[16] = { '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\', '\\' };
        static const char space[16] = { 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x1F };
        const __m128i dq = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&dquote[0]));
        const __m128i bs = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&bslash[0]));
        const __m128i sp = _mm_loadu_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(&space[0]));

        for (;; p += 16) {
            const __m128i s = _mm_load_si128(reinterpret_cast<const __m128i *>(p));
            const __m128i t1 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(s, dq);
            const __m128i t2 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(s, bs);
            const __m128i t3 = _mm_cmpeq_epi8(_mm_max_epu8(s, sp), sp); // s < 0x20 <=> max(s, 0x1F) == 0x1F
            const __m128i x = _mm_or_si128(_mm_or_si128(t1, t2), t3);
            unsigned short r = static_cast<unsigned short>(_mm_movemask_epi8(x));
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(r != 0)) {   // some of characters is escaped
                size_t length;
#ifdef _MSC_VER         // Find the index of first escaped
                unsigned long offset;
                _BitScanForward(&offset, r);
                length = offset;
#else
                length = static_cast<size_t>(__builtin_ffs(r) - 1);
#endif
                p += length;
                break;
            }
        }

        is.src_ = is.dst_ = p;
    }
#elif defined(RAPIDJSON_NEON)
    // StringStream -> StackStream<char>
    static RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void ScanCopyUnescapedString(StringStream& is, StackStream<char>& os) {
        const char* p = is.src_;

        // Scan one by one until alignment (unaligned load may cross page boundary and cause crash)
        const char* nextAligned = reinterpret_cast<const char*>((reinterpret_cast<size_t>(p) + 15) & static_cast<size_t>(~15));
        while (p != nextAligned)
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\"') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\\') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(static_cast<unsigned>(*p) < 0x20)) {
                is.src_ = p;
                return;
            }
            else
                os.Put(*p++);

        // The rest of string using SIMD
        const uint8x16_t s0 = vmovq_n_u8('"');
        const uint8x16_t s1 = vmovq_n_u8('\\');
        const uint8x16_t s2 = vmovq_n_u8('\b');
        const uint8x16_t s3 = vmovq_n_u8(32);

        for (;; p += 16) {
            const uint8x16_t s = vld1q_u8(reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t *>(p));
            uint8x16_t x = vceqq_u8(s, s0);
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vceqq_u8(s, s1));
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vceqq_u8(s, s2));
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vcltq_u8(s, s3));

            x = vrev64q_u8(x);                     // Rev in 64
            uint64_t low = vgetq_lane_u64(vreinterpretq_u64_u8(x), 0);   // extract
            uint64_t high = vgetq_lane_u64(vreinterpretq_u64_u8(x), 1);  // extract

            SizeType length = 0;
            bool escaped = false;
            if (low == 0) {
                if (high != 0) {
                    uint32_t lz = internal::clzll(high);
                    length = 8 + (lz >> 3);
                    escaped = true;
                }
            } else {
                uint32_t lz = internal::clzll(low);
                length = lz >> 3;
                escaped = true;
            }
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(escaped)) {   // some of characters is escaped
                if (length != 0) {
                    char* q = reinterpret_cast<char*>(os.Push(length));
                    for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++)
                        q[i] = p[i];

                    p += length;
                }
                break;
            }
            vst1q_u8(reinterpret_cast<uint8_t *>(os.Push(16)), s);
        }

        is.src_ = p;
    }

    // InsituStringStream -> InsituStringStream
    static RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void ScanCopyUnescapedString(InsituStringStream& is, InsituStringStream& os) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(&is == &os);
        (void)os;

        if (is.src_ == is.dst_) {
            SkipUnescapedString(is);
            return;
        }

        char* p = is.src_;
        char *q = is.dst_;

        // Scan one by one until alignment (unaligned load may cross page boundary and cause crash)
        const char* nextAligned = reinterpret_cast<const char*>((reinterpret_cast<size_t>(p) + 15) & static_cast<size_t>(~15));
        while (p != nextAligned)
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\"') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\\') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(static_cast<unsigned>(*p) < 0x20)) {
                is.src_ = p;
                is.dst_ = q;
                return;
            }
            else
                *q++ = *p++;

        // The rest of string using SIMD
        const uint8x16_t s0 = vmovq_n_u8('"');
        const uint8x16_t s1 = vmovq_n_u8('\\');
        const uint8x16_t s2 = vmovq_n_u8('\b');
        const uint8x16_t s3 = vmovq_n_u8(32);

        for (;; p += 16, q += 16) {
            const uint8x16_t s = vld1q_u8(reinterpret_cast<uint8_t *>(p));
            uint8x16_t x = vceqq_u8(s, s0);
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vceqq_u8(s, s1));
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vceqq_u8(s, s2));
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vcltq_u8(s, s3));

            x = vrev64q_u8(x);                     // Rev in 64
            uint64_t low = vgetq_lane_u64(vreinterpretq_u64_u8(x), 0);   // extract
            uint64_t high = vgetq_lane_u64(vreinterpretq_u64_u8(x), 1);  // extract

            SizeType length = 0;
            bool escaped = false;
            if (low == 0) {
                if (high != 0) {
                    uint32_t lz = internal::clzll(high);
                    length = 8 + (lz >> 3);
                    escaped = true;
                }
            } else {
                uint32_t lz = internal::clzll(low);
                length = lz >> 3;
                escaped = true;
            }
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(escaped)) {   // some of characters is escaped
                for (const char* pend = p + length; p != pend; ) {
                    *q++ = *p++;
                }
                break;
            }
            vst1q_u8(reinterpret_cast<uint8_t *>(q), s);
        }

        is.src_ = p;
        is.dst_ = q;
    }

    // When read/write pointers are the same for insitu stream, just skip unescaped characters
    static RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void SkipUnescapedString(InsituStringStream& is) {
        RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(is.src_ == is.dst_);
        char* p = is.src_;

        // Scan one by one until alignment (unaligned load may cross page boundary and cause crash)
        const char* nextAligned = reinterpret_cast<const char*>((reinterpret_cast<size_t>(p) + 15) & static_cast<size_t>(~15));
        for (; p != nextAligned; p++)
            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\"') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(*p == '\\') || RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(static_cast<unsigned>(*p) < 0x20)) {
                is.src_ = is.dst_ = p;
                return;
            }

        // The rest of string using SIMD
        const uint8x16_t s0 = vmovq_n_u8('"');
        const uint8x16_t s1 = vmovq_n_u8('\\');
        const uint8x16_t s2 = vmovq_n_u8('\b');
        const uint8x16_t s3 = vmovq_n_u8(32);

        for (;; p += 16) {
            const uint8x16_t s = vld1q_u8(reinterpret_cast<uint8_t *>(p));
            uint8x16_t x = vceqq_u8(s, s0);
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vceqq_u8(s, s1));
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vceqq_u8(s, s2));
            x = vorrq_u8(x, vcltq_u8(s, s3));

            x = vrev64q_u8(x);                     // Rev in 64
            uint64_t low = vgetq_lane_u64(vreinterpretq_u64_u8(x), 0);   // extract
            uint64_t high = vgetq_lane_u64(vreinterpretq_u64_u8(x), 1);  // extract

            if (low == 0) {
                if (high != 0) {
                    uint32_t lz = internal::clzll(high);
                    p += 8 + (lz >> 3);
                    break;
                }
            } else {
                uint32_t lz = internal::clzll(low);
                p += lz >> 3;
                break;
            }
        }

        is.src_ = is.dst_ = p;
    }
#endif // RAPIDJSON_NEON

    template<typename InputStream, bool backup, bool pushOnTake>
    class NumberStream;

    template<typename InputStream>
    class NumberStream<InputStream, false, false> {
    public:
        typedef typename InputStream::Ch Ch;

        NumberStream(GenericReader& reader, InputStream& s) : is(s) { (void)reader;  }

        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE Ch Peek() const { return is.Peek(); }
        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE Ch TakePush() { return is.Take(); }
        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE Ch Take() { return is.Take(); }
        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void Push(char) {}

        size_t Tell() { return is.Tell(); }
        size_t Length() { return 0; }
        const char* Pop() { return 0; }

    protected:
        NumberStream& operator=(const NumberStream&);

        InputStream& is;
    };

    template<typename InputStream>
    class NumberStream<InputStream, true, false> : public NumberStream<InputStream, false, false> {
        typedef NumberStream<InputStream, false, false> Base;
    public:
        NumberStream(GenericReader& reader, InputStream& is) : Base(reader, is), stackStream(reader.stack_) {}

        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE Ch TakePush() {
            stackStream.Put(static_cast<char>(Base::is.Peek()));
            return Base::is.Take();
        }

        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE void Push(char c) {
            stackStream.Put(c);
        }

        size_t Length() { return stackStream.Length(); }

        const char* Pop() {
            stackStream.Put('\0');
            return stackStream.Pop();
        }

    private:
        StackStream<char> stackStream;
    };

    template<typename InputStream>
    class NumberStream<InputStream, true, true> : public NumberStream<InputStream, true, false> {
        typedef NumberStream<InputStream, true, false> Base;
    public:
        NumberStream(GenericReader& reader, InputStream& is) : Base(reader, is) {}

        RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE Ch Take() { return Base::TakePush(); }
    };

    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseNumber(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        internal::StreamLocalCopy<InputStream> copy(is);
        NumberStream<InputStream,
            ((parseFlags & kParseNumbersAsStringsFlag) != 0) ?
                ((parseFlags & kParseInsituFlag) == 0) :
                ((parseFlags & kParseFullPrecisionFlag) != 0),
            (parseFlags & kParseNumbersAsStringsFlag) != 0 &&
                (parseFlags & kParseInsituFlag) == 0> s(*this, copy.s);

        size_t startOffset = s.Tell();
        double d = 0.0;
        bool useNanOrInf = false;

        // Parse minus
        bool minus = Consume(s, '-');

        // Parse int: zero / ( digit1-9 *DIGIT )
        unsigned i = 0;
        uint64_t i64 = 0;
        bool use64bit = false;
        int significandDigit = 0;
        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(s.Peek() == '0')) {
            i = 0;
            s.TakePush();
        }
        else if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '1' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
            i = static_cast<unsigned>(s.TakePush() - '0');

            if (minus)
                while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(i >= 214748364)) { // 2^31 = 2147483648
                        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(i != 214748364 || s.Peek() > '8')) {
                            i64 = i;
                            use64bit = true;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    i = i * 10 + static_cast<unsigned>(s.TakePush() - '0');
                    significandDigit++;
                }
            else
                while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(i >= 429496729)) { // 2^32 - 1 = 4294967295
                        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(i != 429496729 || s.Peek() > '5')) {
                            i64 = i;
                            use64bit = true;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    i = i * 10 + static_cast<unsigned>(s.TakePush() - '0');
                    significandDigit++;
                }
        }
        // Parse NaN or Infinity here
        else if ((parseFlags & kParseNanAndInfFlag) && RAPIDJSON_LIKELY((s.Peek() == 'I' || s.Peek() == 'N'))) {
            if (Consume(s, 'N')) {
                if (Consume(s, 'a') && Consume(s, 'N')) {
                    d = std::numeric_limits<double>::quiet_NaN();
                    useNanOrInf = true;
                }
            }
            else if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(Consume(s, 'I'))) {
                if (Consume(s, 'n') && Consume(s, 'f')) {
                    d = (minus ? -std::numeric_limits<double>::infinity() : std::numeric_limits<double>::infinity());
                    useNanOrInf = true;

                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(s.Peek() == 'i' && !(Consume(s, 'i') && Consume(s, 'n')
                                                                && Consume(s, 'i') && Consume(s, 't') && Consume(s, 'y')))) {
                        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorValueInvalid, s.Tell());
                    }
                }
            }

            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!useNanOrInf)) {
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorValueInvalid, s.Tell());
            }
        }
        else
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorValueInvalid, s.Tell());

        // Parse 64bit int
        bool useDouble = false;
        if (use64bit) {
            if (minus)
                while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                     if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(i64 >= RAPIDJSON_UINT64_C2(0x0CCCCCCC, 0xCCCCCCCC))) // 2^63 = 9223372036854775808
                        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(i64 != RAPIDJSON_UINT64_C2(0x0CCCCCCC, 0xCCCCCCCC) || s.Peek() > '8')) {
                            d = static_cast<double>(i64);
                            useDouble = true;
                            break;
                        }
                    i64 = i64 * 10 + static_cast<unsigned>(s.TakePush() - '0');
                    significandDigit++;
                }
            else
                while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                    if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(i64 >= RAPIDJSON_UINT64_C2(0x19999999, 0x99999999))) // 2^64 - 1 = 18446744073709551615
                        if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(i64 != RAPIDJSON_UINT64_C2(0x19999999, 0x99999999) || s.Peek() > '5')) {
                            d = static_cast<double>(i64);
                            useDouble = true;
                            break;
                        }
                    i64 = i64 * 10 + static_cast<unsigned>(s.TakePush() - '0');
                    significandDigit++;
                }
        }

        // Force double for big integer
        if (useDouble) {
            while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                d = d * 10 + (s.TakePush() - '0');
            }
        }

        // Parse frac = decimal-point 1*DIGIT
        int expFrac = 0;
        size_t decimalPosition;
        if (Consume(s, '.')) {
            decimalPosition = s.Length();

            if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')))
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorNumberMissFraction, s.Tell());

            if (!useDouble) {
#if RAPIDJSON_64BIT
                // Use i64 to store significand in 64-bit architecture
                if (!use64bit)
                    i64 = i;

                while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                    if (i64 > RAPIDJSON_UINT64_C2(0x1FFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFF)) // 2^53 - 1 for fast path
                        break;
                    else {
                        i64 = i64 * 10 + static_cast<unsigned>(s.TakePush() - '0');
                        --expFrac;
                        if (i64 != 0)
                            significandDigit++;
                    }
                }

                d = static_cast<double>(i64);
#else
                // Use double to store significand in 32-bit architecture
                d = static_cast<double>(use64bit ? i64 : i);
#endif
                useDouble = true;
            }

            while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                if (significandDigit < 17) {
                    d = d * 10.0 + (s.TakePush() - '0');
                    --expFrac;
                    if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(d > 0.0))
                        significandDigit++;
                }
                else
                    s.TakePush();
            }
        }
        else
            decimalPosition = s.Length(); // decimal position at the end of integer.

        // Parse exp = e [ minus / plus ] 1*DIGIT
        int exp = 0;
        if (Consume(s, 'e') || Consume(s, 'E')) {
            if (!useDouble) {
                d = static_cast<double>(use64bit ? i64 : i);
                useDouble = true;
            }

            bool expMinus = false;
            if (Consume(s, '+'))
                ;
            else if (Consume(s, '-'))
                expMinus = true;

            if (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                exp = static_cast<int>(s.Take() - '0');
                if (expMinus) {
                    // (exp + expFrac) must not underflow int => we're detecting when -exp gets
                    // dangerously close to INT_MIN (a pessimistic next digit 9 would push it into
                    // underflow territory):
                    //
                    //        -(exp * 10 + 9) + expFrac >= INT_MIN
                    //   <=>  exp <= (expFrac - INT_MIN - 9) / 10
                    RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(expFrac <= 0);
                    int maxExp = (expFrac + 2147483639) / 10;

                    while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                        exp = exp * 10 + static_cast<int>(s.Take() - '0');
                        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(exp > maxExp)) {
                            while (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9'))  // Consume the rest of exponent
                                s.Take();
                        }
                    }
                }
                else {  // positive exp
                    int maxExp = 308 - expFrac;
                    while (RAPIDJSON_LIKELY(s.Peek() >= '0' && s.Peek() <= '9')) {
                        exp = exp * 10 + static_cast<int>(s.Take() - '0');
                        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(exp > maxExp))
                            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorNumberTooBig, startOffset);
                    }
                }
            }
            else
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorNumberMissExponent, s.Tell());

            if (expMinus)
                exp = -exp;
        }

        // Finish parsing, call event according to the type of number.
        bool cont = true;

        if (parseFlags & kParseNumbersAsStringsFlag) {
            if (parseFlags & kParseInsituFlag) {
                s.Pop();  // Pop stack no matter if it will be used or not.
                typename InputStream::Ch* head = is.PutBegin();
                const size_t length = s.Tell() - startOffset;
                RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(length <= 0xFFFFFFFF);
                // unable to insert the \0 character here, it will erase the comma after this number
                const typename TargetEncoding::Ch* const str = reinterpret_cast<typename TargetEncoding::Ch*>(head);
                cont = handler.RawNumber(str, SizeType(length), false);
            }
            else {
                SizeType numCharsToCopy = static_cast<SizeType>(s.Length());
                StringStream srcStream(s.Pop());
                StackStream<typename TargetEncoding::Ch> dstStream(stack_);
                while (numCharsToCopy--) {
                    Transcoder<UTF8<>, TargetEncoding>::Transcode(srcStream, dstStream);
                }
                dstStream.Put('\0');
                const typename TargetEncoding::Ch* str = dstStream.Pop();
                const SizeType length = static_cast<SizeType>(dstStream.Length()) - 1;
                cont = handler.RawNumber(str, SizeType(length), true);
            }
        }
        else {
           size_t length = s.Length();
           const char* decimal = s.Pop();  // Pop stack no matter if it will be used or not.

           if (useDouble) {
               int p = exp + expFrac;
               if (parseFlags & kParseFullPrecisionFlag)
                   d = internal::StrtodFullPrecision(d, p, decimal, length, decimalPosition, exp);
               else
                   d = internal::StrtodNormalPrecision(d, p);

               // Use > max, instead of == inf, to fix bogus warning -Wfloat-equal
               if (d > (std::numeric_limits<double>::max)()) {
                   // Overflow
                   // TODO: internal::StrtodX should report overflow (or underflow)
                   RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorNumberTooBig, startOffset);
               }

               cont = handler.Double(minus ? -d : d);
           }
           else if (useNanOrInf) {
               cont = handler.Double(d);
           }
           else {
               if (use64bit) {
                   if (minus)
                       cont = handler.Int64(static_cast<int64_t>(~i64 + 1));
                   else
                       cont = handler.Uint64(i64);
               }
               else {
                   if (minus)
                       cont = handler.Int(static_cast<int32_t>(~i + 1));
                   else
                       cont = handler.Uint(i);
               }
           }
        }
        if (RAPIDJSON_UNLIKELY(!cont))
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorTermination, startOffset);
    }

    // Parse any JSON value
    template<unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    void ParseValue(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        switch (is.Peek()) {
            case 'n': ParseNull  <parseFlags>(is, handler); break;
            case 't': ParseTrue  <parseFlags>(is, handler); break;
            case 'f': ParseFalse <parseFlags>(is, handler); break;
            case '"': ParseString<parseFlags>(is, handler); break;
            case '{': ParseObject<parseFlags>(is, handler); break;
            case '[': ParseArray <parseFlags>(is, handler); break;
            default :
                      ParseNumber<parseFlags>(is, handler);
                      break;

        }
    }

    // Iterative Parsing

    // States
    enum IterativeParsingState {
        IterativeParsingFinishState = 0, // sink states at top
        IterativeParsingErrorState,      // sink states at top
        IterativeParsingStartState,

        // Object states
        IterativeParsingObjectInitialState,
        IterativeParsingMemberKeyState,
        IterativeParsingMemberValueState,
        IterativeParsingObjectFinishState,

        // Array states
        IterativeParsingArrayInitialState,
        IterativeParsingElementState,
        IterativeParsingArrayFinishState,

        // Single value state
        IterativeParsingValueState,

        // Delimiter states (at bottom)
        IterativeParsingElementDelimiterState,
        IterativeParsingMemberDelimiterState,
        IterativeParsingKeyValueDelimiterState,

        cIterativeParsingStateCount
    };

    // Tokens
    enum Token {
        LeftBracketToken = 0,
        RightBracketToken,

        LeftCurlyBracketToken,
        RightCurlyBracketToken,

        CommaToken,
        ColonToken,

        StringToken,
        FalseToken,
        TrueToken,
        NullToken,
        NumberToken,

        kTokenCount
    };

    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE Token Tokenize(Ch c) const {

//!@cond RAPIDJSON_HIDDEN_FROM_DOXYGEN
#define N NumberToken
#define N16 N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N,N
        // Maps from ASCII to Token
        static const unsigned char tokenMap[256] = {
            N16, // 00~0F
            N16, // 10~1F
            N, N, StringToken, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, CommaToken, N, N, N, // 20~2F
            N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, ColonToken, N, N, N, N, N, // 30~3F
            N16, // 40~4F
            N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, LeftBracketToken, N, RightBracketToken, N, N, // 50~5F
            N, N, N, N, N, N, FalseToken, N, N, N, N, N, N, N, NullToken, N, // 60~6F
            N, N, N, N, TrueToken, N, N, N, N, N, N, LeftCurlyBracketToken, N, RightCurlyBracketToken, N, N, // 70~7F
            N16, N16, N16, N16, N16, N16, N16, N16 // 80~FF
        };
#undef N
#undef N16
//!@endcond

        if (sizeof(Ch) == 1 || static_cast<unsigned>(c) < 256)
            return static_cast<Token>(tokenMap[static_cast<unsigned char>(c)]);
        else
            return NumberToken;
    }

    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE IterativeParsingState Predict(IterativeParsingState state, Token token) const {
        // current state x one lookahead token -> new state
        static const char G[cIterativeParsingStateCount][kTokenCount] = {
            // Finish(sink state)
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState
            },
            // Error(sink state)
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState
            },
            // Start
            {
                IterativeParsingArrayInitialState,  // Left bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingObjectInitialState, // Left curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Colon
                IterativeParsingValueState,         // String
                IterativeParsingValueState,         // False
                IterativeParsingValueState,         // True
                IterativeParsingValueState,         // Null
                IterativeParsingValueState          // Number
            },
            // ObjectInitial
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Left bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Left curly bracket
                IterativeParsingObjectFinishState,  // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Colon
                IterativeParsingMemberKeyState,     // String
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // False
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // True
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Null
                IterativeParsingErrorState          // Number
            },
            // MemberKey
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Left bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Left curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Comma
                IterativeParsingKeyValueDelimiterState, // Colon
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // String
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // False
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // True
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Null
                IterativeParsingErrorState              // Number
            },
            // MemberValue
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Left bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Left curly bracket
                IterativeParsingObjectFinishState,      // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingMemberDelimiterState,   // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Colon
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // String
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // False
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // True
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Null
                IterativeParsingErrorState              // Number
            },
            // ObjectFinish(sink state)
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState
            },
            // ArrayInitial
            {
                IterativeParsingArrayInitialState,      // Left bracket(push Element state)
                IterativeParsingArrayFinishState,       // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingObjectInitialState,     // Left curly bracket(push Element state)
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Colon
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // String
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // False
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // True
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // Null
                IterativeParsingElementState            // Number
            },
            // Element
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Left bracket
                IterativeParsingArrayFinishState,       // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Left curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingElementDelimiterState,  // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Colon
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // String
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // False
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // True
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Null
                IterativeParsingErrorState              // Number
            },
            // ArrayFinish(sink state)
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState
            },
            // Single Value (sink state)
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState, IterativeParsingErrorState,
                IterativeParsingErrorState
            },
            // ElementDelimiter
            {
                IterativeParsingArrayInitialState,      // Left bracket(push Element state)
                IterativeParsingArrayFinishState,       // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingObjectInitialState,     // Left curly bracket(push Element state)
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Colon
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // String
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // False
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // True
                IterativeParsingElementState,           // Null
                IterativeParsingElementState            // Number
            },
            // MemberDelimiter
            {
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Left bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Left curly bracket
                IterativeParsingObjectFinishState,  // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Colon
                IterativeParsingMemberKeyState,     // String
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // False
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // True
                IterativeParsingErrorState,         // Null
                IterativeParsingErrorState          // Number
            },
            // KeyValueDelimiter
            {
                IterativeParsingArrayInitialState,      // Left bracket(push MemberValue state)
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right bracket
                IterativeParsingObjectInitialState,     // Left curly bracket(push MemberValue state)
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Right curly bracket
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Comma
                IterativeParsingErrorState,             // Colon
                IterativeParsingMemberValueState,       // String
                IterativeParsingMemberValueState,       // False
                IterativeParsingMemberValueState,       // True
                IterativeParsingMemberValueState,       // Null
                IterativeParsingMemberValueState        // Number
            },
        }; // End of G

        return static_cast<IterativeParsingState>(G[state][token]);
    }

    // Make an advance in the token stream and state based on the candidate destination state which was returned by Transit().
    // May return a new state on state pop.
    template <unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE IterativeParsingState Transit(IterativeParsingState src, Token token, IterativeParsingState dst, InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        (void)token;

        switch (dst) {
        case IterativeParsingErrorState:
            return dst;

        case IterativeParsingObjectInitialState:
        case IterativeParsingArrayInitialState:
        {
            // Push the state(Element or MemeberValue) if we are nested in another array or value of member.
            // In this way we can get the correct state on ObjectFinish or ArrayFinish by frame pop.
            IterativeParsingState n = src;
            if (src == IterativeParsingArrayInitialState || src == IterativeParsingElementDelimiterState)
                n = IterativeParsingElementState;
            else if (src == IterativeParsingKeyValueDelimiterState)
                n = IterativeParsingMemberValueState;
            // Push current state.
            *stack_.template Push<SizeType>(1) = n;
            // Initialize and push the member/element count.
            *stack_.template Push<SizeType>(1) = 0;
            // Call handler
            bool hr = (dst == IterativeParsingObjectInitialState) ? handler.StartObject() : handler.StartArray();
            // On handler short circuits the parsing.
            if (!hr) {
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            else {
                is.Take();
                return dst;
            }
        }

        case IterativeParsingMemberKeyState:
            ParseString<parseFlags>(is, handler, true);
            if (HasParseError())
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            else
                return dst;

        case IterativeParsingKeyValueDelimiterState:
            RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(token == ColonToken);
            is.Take();
            return dst;

        case IterativeParsingMemberValueState:
            // Must be non-compound value. Or it would be ObjectInitial or ArrayInitial state.
            ParseValue<parseFlags>(is, handler);
            if (HasParseError()) {
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            return dst;

        case IterativeParsingElementState:
            // Must be non-compound value. Or it would be ObjectInitial or ArrayInitial state.
            ParseValue<parseFlags>(is, handler);
            if (HasParseError()) {
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            return dst;

        case IterativeParsingMemberDelimiterState:
        case IterativeParsingElementDelimiterState:
            is.Take();
            // Update member/element count.
            *stack_.template Top<SizeType>() = *stack_.template Top<SizeType>() + 1;
            return dst;

        case IterativeParsingObjectFinishState:
        {
            // Transit from delimiter is only allowed when trailing commas are enabled
            if (!(parseFlags & kParseTrailingCommasFlag) && src == IterativeParsingMemberDelimiterState) {
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorObjectMissName, is.Tell());
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            // Get member count.
            SizeType c = *stack_.template Pop<SizeType>(1);
            // If the object is not empty, count the last member.
            if (src == IterativeParsingMemberValueState)
                ++c;
            // Restore the state.
            IterativeParsingState n = static_cast<IterativeParsingState>(*stack_.template Pop<SizeType>(1));
            // Transit to Finish state if this is the topmost scope.
            if (n == IterativeParsingStartState)
                n = IterativeParsingFinishState;
            // Call handler
            bool hr = handler.EndObject(c);
            // On handler short circuits the parsing.
            if (!hr) {
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            else {
                is.Take();
                return n;
            }
        }

        case IterativeParsingArrayFinishState:
        {
            // Transit from delimiter is only allowed when trailing commas are enabled
            if (!(parseFlags & kParseTrailingCommasFlag) && src == IterativeParsingElementDelimiterState) {
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorValueInvalid, is.Tell());
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            // Get element count.
            SizeType c = *stack_.template Pop<SizeType>(1);
            // If the array is not empty, count the last element.
            if (src == IterativeParsingElementState)
                ++c;
            // Restore the state.
            IterativeParsingState n = static_cast<IterativeParsingState>(*stack_.template Pop<SizeType>(1));
            // Transit to Finish state if this is the topmost scope.
            if (n == IterativeParsingStartState)
                n = IterativeParsingFinishState;
            // Call handler
            bool hr = handler.EndArray(c);
            // On handler short circuits the parsing.
            if (!hr) {
                RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_NORETURN(kParseErrorTermination, is.Tell());
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            else {
                is.Take();
                return n;
            }
        }

        default:
            // This branch is for IterativeParsingValueState actually.
            // Use `default:` rather than
            // `case IterativeParsingValueState:` is for code coverage.

            // The IterativeParsingStartState is not enumerated in this switch-case.
            // It is impossible for that case. And it can be caught by following assertion.

            // The IterativeParsingFinishState is not enumerated in this switch-case either.
            // It is a "derivative" state which cannot triggered from Predict() directly.
            // Therefore it cannot happen here. And it can be caught by following assertion.
            RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(dst == IterativeParsingValueState);

            // Must be non-compound value. Or it would be ObjectInitial or ArrayInitial state.
            ParseValue<parseFlags>(is, handler);
            if (HasParseError()) {
                return IterativeParsingErrorState;
            }
            return IterativeParsingFinishState;
        }
    }

    template <typename InputStream>
    void HandleError(IterativeParsingState src, InputStream& is) {
        if (HasParseError()) {
            // Error flag has been set.
            return;
        }

        switch (src) {
        case IterativeParsingStartState:            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorDocumentEmpty, is.Tell()); return;
        case IterativeParsingFinishState:           RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorDocumentRootNotSingular, is.Tell()); return;
        case IterativeParsingObjectInitialState:
        case IterativeParsingMemberDelimiterState:  RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorObjectMissName, is.Tell()); return;
        case IterativeParsingMemberKeyState:        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorObjectMissColon, is.Tell()); return;
        case IterativeParsingMemberValueState:      RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorObjectMissCommaOrCurlyBracket, is.Tell()); return;
        case IterativeParsingKeyValueDelimiterState:
        case IterativeParsingArrayInitialState:
        case IterativeParsingElementDelimiterState: RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorValueInvalid, is.Tell()); return;
        default: RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(src == IterativeParsingElementState); RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR(kParseErrorArrayMissCommaOrSquareBracket, is.Tell()); return;
        }
    }

    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE bool IsIterativeParsingDelimiterState(IterativeParsingState s) const {
        return s >= IterativeParsingElementDelimiterState;
    }

    RAPIDJSON_FORCEINLINE bool IsIterativeParsingCompleteState(IterativeParsingState s) const {
        return s <= IterativeParsingErrorState;
    }

    template <unsigned parseFlags, typename InputStream, typename Handler>
    ParseResult IterativeParse(InputStream& is, Handler& handler) {
        parseResult_.Clear();
        ClearStackOnExit scope(*this);
        IterativeParsingState state = IterativeParsingStartState;

        SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
        RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(parseResult_);
        while (is.Peek() != '\0') {
            Token t = Tokenize(is.Peek());
            IterativeParsingState n = Predict(state, t);
            IterativeParsingState d = Transit<parseFlags>(state, t, n, is, handler);

            if (d == IterativeParsingErrorState) {
                HandleError(state, is);
                break;
            }

            state = d;

            // Do not further consume streams if a root JSON has been parsed.
            if ((parseFlags & kParseStopWhenDoneFlag) && state == IterativeParsingFinishState)
                break;

            SkipWhitespaceAndComments<parseFlags>(is);
            RAPIDJSON_PARSE_ERROR_EARLY_RETURN(parseResult_);
        }

        // Handle the end of file.
        if (state != IterativeParsingFinishState)
            HandleError(state, is);

        return parseResult_;
    }

    static const size_t kDefaultStackCapacity = 256;    //!< Default stack capacity in bytes for storing a single decoded string.
    internal::Stack<StackAllocator> stack_;  //!< A stack for storing decoded string temporarily during non-destructive parsing.
    ParseResult parseResult_;
    IterativeParsingState state_;
}; // class GenericReader





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